Canada is a country in North America. It is the second largest country by total area and has the longest coastline in the world. Canada is home to 10 provinces and three territories. The capital of Canada, Ottawa, is located in Ontario on the Ottawa River.
Canada was inhabited for millennia by various indigenous groups, most of which were part of Algonquian language families. Beginning in the late 15th century, British and French expeditions explored and later settled Canada's Atlantic coast. In 1867, it became one of four British North American colonies to form a self-governing confederation called Canada.